Edwin Markham Archive

Dublin Core


Edwin Markham Archive


Digitized content from the Edwin Markham Archive.

You may browse all items in this collection or use the Advanced Search option at the top right of this screen to search the full text of the letters (select Collection: Edwin Markham Archive: Correspondence for best results).


American poet Charles Edwin Anson Markham was born in Oregon, spent the early part of his career in California, moved to Staten Island in 1901, and remained on the island until his death in 1940.

Markham was a prolific letter writer and had correspondence with many important figures of his time, including Ambrose Bierce, Jack London, Carl Sandburg, Herbert Hoover, Amy Lowell, and Theodore and Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Markham is best known for his spirited protest against the exploitation of poor laborers in "The Man with the Hoe", inspired by Jean-Francois Millet's painting of the same title. Published in the San Francisco Examiner in 1899, almost overnight it became a literary sensation. Markham had "sounded a trumpet blast of social justice," one critic wrote, for the poor and oppressed people of the world. The response was astounding. It became the single most commercially successful poem ever published. Translated into forty languages, including Arabic and Japanese, it was read worldwide and remains anthologized today.

Collection Items


Markham, Edwin, 1852-1940 10/2/1914

Markham, Edwin, 1852-1940 5/26/1910

Markham, Edwin, 1852-1940 1916

Abbott, Leonard Dalton, 1878-1953 4/29/1939

Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968 1/31/1907

Viereck, George Sylvester, 1884-1962 9/2/1918
View all 220 items